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Explore Cairo
Explore Sharm El Sheikh
Explore Luxor
Explore Hurghada
Explore Alexandria
If you want to set foot in the Nile River, then the place to go to is Aswan, Egypt. This city is located eighty-one miles from the south of Luxor. It is an ancient frontier that has a unique African environment. Aswan was Syene in ancient Egypt. Good to say that this town is small enough to let you walk around and enjoy the whole view. It is overlooking the Nile River, where the Egyptian civilization all started. Life in Aswan has a slow, relaxing pace.
Everyone can spend the days wandering up and down Corniche while witnessing boats write on the sky using their high masts. You can also just sit around in floating restaurants as you listen to Nubian music. In these restaurants you can enjoy fish that is freshly caught and cooked according to your wishes.
Philae is an island in the Nile River with rich vegetation, lovely flowers and magnificent temples. Because of its beauty and abundance, it was rightfully once called the ‘pearl of Egypt’. Philae derived its name from the Egyptian ‘Pi-lak’, which the Greeks later changed to ‘Philai’, while the Arabs called it Bilak.
Indeed, the island was once regarded as one of the most romantic and most beautiful places in Egypt. Yet, due to constant floods of the Nile River, the island lost much of its attraction. The island was in great danger of being submerged due to the floods since the construction of the Aswan High Dam. The flooding situation is so bad that temples are only accessible in the island during late summer and fall. For the rest of the year, the temples are mostly under water. The more important monuments of the island were transported and rebuilt in the adjacent island of Agilkia, which are more highly elevated.
Located near Aswan, the world famous High Dam was an engineering miracle when it was built in the 1960s. It contains 18 times the material used in the Great Pyramid of Cheops.  The Dam is 11,811 feet long, 3215 feet thick at the base and and 364 feet tall. Today it provides irrigation and electricity for the whole of Egypt and, together with the old Aswan Dam built by the British between 1898 and 1902`, 6km down river, wonderful views for visitors. From the top of the two Mile long High Dam you can gaze across Lake Nassar, the huge reservoir created when it was built, to Kalabsha temple in the south and the huge power station to the north.
The High Dam created a 30% increase in the cultivatable land in Egypt, and raised the water table for the Shara as far away as Algeria.  The electricity producing capability of the Dam doubled Egypt's available supply.
The botanical garden in Aswan is located on the island Bustan which Lord Kitchener was given after a military operation in Sudan. Many of the trees and plants comes from tropical Africa and planted here upon orders from Lord Kitchener.
The Aga Khan Mausoleum
The Aga Khan Mausoleum is a magnificent structure built to honor one of the greatest men of the modern age. This mausoleum is a fantastic stop on any tour in the area!
The mausoleum has been built in honor of Sultan Mahommed Shah, Aga Khan III. The mausoleum is located in Aswan.
The Aga Khan was the 48th Imam of the Shia Ismaili Muslims, one of the founders of the All-India Muslim League, and even briefly served as President of the League of Nations in 1937. Aga Khan was the spiritual leader of the Ismailis, a Shi'ite sect, which mostly developed in India. Though this spiritual leader died in 1957, his mausoleum still stands and can be seen above the white villa where he once lived. The mausoleum can be seen even from as far away as the Nile
The Unfinished Obelisk
The Unfinished Obelisk is one of the most popular sites in ancient Aswan and provides immense insight into the stone working methods employed by the ancient Egyptian.
The Unfinished Obelisk is a stone pillar with a rectangular cross section and an ascending, pyramid-style top. It is located in Aswan, Egypt and is famous for not only being the largest known ancient obelisk in the country but also one that was never finished.
As the Obelisk stands now, it is nearly one third larger than any other ancient Egyptian obelisk ever constructed. Experts believe that if the Unfinished Obelisk were ever finished it would have measured about 120 feet and weighed almost 1,200 tons!
Abu Simbel Temples
The amazing Abu Simbel Temples are among the largest attractions in Egypt, both by popularity and by sheer size. These two temples are an amazing sight, towering towards the blue sky!
The Egyptians are well-known for revering and vigorously protecting their historical resources. In fact, when Lake Nasser was created to provide for improved water resources and the project threatened the Abu Simbel Temples, the Egyptians moved them. Given the scale of the temples, this was no small feat.There are two temples, constructed by Ramesses II in the 13th Century BC. They were intended to stand as monuments to he and his wife, the famous queen Nefertari. Of course, being constructed by the head of an empire.they was also intended to dissuade the nearby Nubians from taking any actions against Egypt.
Today, far from intimidating foreigners, the Abu Simbel Temples are among Egypt's largest tourist draws. The temples were lost to the sands of time for thousands of years, literally. They were buried, with only the topmost portions being visible, until the early 1800's when they were discovered by a Swiss explorer, JL Burckhardt. He managed to gain access to the temples in 1817 and, in a scene that happened far too often in Egypt's long history; he took everything that he could carry with him, essentially looting the temples. The name Abu Simbel comes from the boy who, according to local stories, led Burckhardt to the temples.
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