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Egypt has more than 100 pyramids that are spread all over the country. These pyramid structures are made up of sandstone brick. The pyramids were built for the rulers of Egypt. The first pyramid that was built in Egypt was the Pyramid of Djoser during the third dynasty.
The 3 best Egyptian pyramids are the ‘Pyramids of Giza’. These pyramids were built on the outskirts of Cairo. The Pyramid of Khufu at Giza is said to be the largest Egyptian pyramid ever made in the history. This pyramid figure is one of the seven wonders of the worlds. The Pyramid of Kufu is also known as the Great Pyramid. The Pyramids at Giza are three in number.
Three big one’s are called the great pyramid of Khufu (Cheops) , the pyramid of Khafre (Khafra) and the pyramid of Menkaure. The pyramid of Menkaure further has 3 smaller pyramids that are subsidiary to this main pyramid and are called the queens’ pyramids.
The pyramids at Giza attract maximum tourist attention every year. Out of all the three pyramids at Giza, only the pyramid of Khafre retains some parts of the originally polished limestone casing near its pinnacle. To the naked eyes and laymen, the pyramid of Khafre would always look tall, but the fact is that the pyramid of Khufu is the tallest of all. There are a lot of theories regarding the construction of the pyramids and a new research shows that the pyramids were made by building blocks made out of limestone concrete
The Sphinx is a mythological animal shaped figure which is portrayed as a recumbent lion that has a human head. The sphinx got its name and origin from in sculpture form, from the old kingdom of Egypt, which the old Greeks used to apply their names when compared to the female monster, which again was a Greek mythological figure. The old and ancient sphinx image pictures as a sitting lioness that has a human head. Only occasionally the lion has a head of the falcon or hawk. This tradition was originally started by the Egyptians, but later was taken over by many other cultures. Then it was a very common site to see a picture of the lion body with the head of any other animal other than the lion.
The Djosers Step-Pyramid
The Djosers Step-Pyramid was the first pyramid built under supervision of the architect Imhotep during the Third Dynasty. Construction of the step pyramid required that six mastabas (a then common type of tomb) be placed atop each other. The Djosers Step-Pyramid is located in Saqqara, an ancient necropolis on the plateau above the Nile Valley. If you see this feature advertised on Egyptian tours then make plans to see it.
This pyramid was originally built for the burial of Pharaoh Djoser by vizier and architect Imhotep at about the 27th century B.C. This pyramid is the center attraction of a vast mortuary complex in one massive courtyard. The decoration and construction of the pyramid combines stone as well as traditional materials such as wood, reeds or mud-brick.
The Egyptian Museum is called the symbol of faith for the Egyptians. The actual name for the museum is called The Museum of Egyptian Antiquities and it is located in Cairo, Egypt. The stories of Egypt are spread across seven thousand years. It is considered to be a treasure for the country of Egypt. The design of the grand museum was a consequence of an international competition. This competition was held by the UNESCO. The architecture of the museum is very complex. It offers its visitors a worthwhile time. The museum provides enchanting cultural, pleasurable and educational time
This is one place that would always help you discover new things. The ground floor gives a vivid history of Ancient Egypt. There are good security checks while entering the building. Every time a new object is displayed as the best object of the month. It also has very imperative items that belong to the Egypt and are more than five thousand years old. There are some other masterpieces that belong to the fiftieth century and hence should not be missed. It also has some Old Kingdom’s small statues that have families and shows people working. If you move clockwise, it takes you to an area that would take you to the future.
Imagine a breathtaking overview of the ancient city of Cairo with a well-preserved Egyptian background. The Citadel of Saladin (aka Citadel of Cairo), will bring you an exhilarating memory of the regal residence and military camp of 11th century Egypt.
Charging it to its location, the citadel is a perfect tourist spot. It is placed on top of a hill to see all the angles of the cities of Cairo and Fustat. The Ayyubid lieutenant of Egyptian ruler Saladin erected the place on its present location to see incoming enemies and attack them even before they reach Cairo. The place has several thick walls, watchtowers, and gates which makes the cities difficult to attack.
After almost a millennium, the Citadel of Saladin is now bigger thanks to six major reconstructions. It now includes Muhammad Ali Pasha (aka Mosque of Mohamed Ali) built circa 1828 – 1848. The mosque was built in memory of Muhammad Ali’s son, Tusun Pasha and also to signify eradication of the memories of the area of the Mamluk dynasty’s rule.
Built from 1830 to 1848 by the commission of Muhammad Ali Pasha, the Muhammad Ali Mosque is the largest Ottoman mosque to be built in the early 19th century. The mosque is in the Citadel of Cairo, Egypt. With its twin minarets, animated silhouette and recognizable design, it is the most visible mosque in Cairo.
When Mohammad Ali Pasha assumed power in the early 19th century, he had the mosque built in memory of Tusun Pasha, the eldest son of Mohammad Ali Pasha, who died in 1816. He also had all Mamluk buildings in the Citadel demolished and had the complex completely rebuilt.
Khan El Khalili Bazaars
The Khan El Khalili Bazaar is one of the oldest markets in Egypt, begun in the late 1300s. This bazaar still operates and allows you to experience an exciting world where treasures can still be found. Islamic Cairo is famous for its open air markets where vendors hawk their wares to anyone and everyone who passes by. Haggling is the order of the day and, once one gets used to it, it can be quite fun! One of the most famous of these markets is the Khan El Khalili Bazaar.
It's not just a tourist attraction; the many wares are of high enough quality to lure locals as well as those just visiting the nation.
Ibn Tulun Mosque holds the record of the oldest and largest mosque in Cairo City with its original form intact. It is holds the title of 3rd largest mosque with overall area of 26, 318 square meters. This structure is a representative of the Islamic belief still preserved in Egypt today.
The mosque is constructed in a local hill named Gebel Yashkur (Hill of Thanksgiving) with local claims that Noah’s Ark rested here after the great flood instead of Mount Ararat mentioned in the Bible.
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